V Centenary of "The return to the World of Magallanes and El Cano"
The Tertulias del Ateneo Libre de Benalmádena
New gathering in which the V Centenary of "LA VUELTA AL MUNDO DE MAGALLANES Y ELCANO" will be remembered under the direction of Professor Reder Gadow, Professor of Modern History at the University of Málaga.
After the discovery of America by Christopher Columbus in 1492, the contemporary world expanded in an inordinate way, offering the governments of Spain and Portugal unprecedented possibilities for expansion, trade and power. To avoid conflicts, both states signed a partition of the unknown world, through the Treaty of Tordesillas in 1494 by which the Portuguese took over the trade through the African coast and through the Cape of Good Hope, while Spain he reserved everything that the unknown America promised.
The political and commercial need to discover a new route that would privilege Spain in the world trade of the expensive spices of the Moluccan Islands, which remained in Portuguese hands, stoked the acceptance by Carlos I of the commitment of the Portuguese Fernando de Magallanes to arrive to the coveted islands sailing west and without touching the geographical area allocated to Portugal.
The trip, entirely financed by the Spanish crown, began in Seville in August of 1519 and ended in the same place in September of 1522, where they arrived only one ship of the five that left and 18 sailors of the 239 that sailed, commanded of the Spanish Juan Sebastián Elcano that retook the initiative to the death of Magallanes.
The geographical, economic, commercial and political consequences of this unprecedented feat that showed the roundness of the earth, will be the object of our discussion in the analysis of this trip beyond the great adventure that in itself meant.
MARION REDER GADOW is Professor of Modern History at the University of Málaga.