Ateneos de Andalucia Associations Almodovar del Río Córdoba

The Ateneo de Cádiz: gaditano an expression of humanism.

Meets 158 years.


In 1858, he sees its light the Ateneo Literary, Artistic and Scientific Cadiz on July 18 and today celebrates its 158th anniversary, it is not a coincidence, it has its roots in the social and cultural substrate that Cadiz had.

Cadiz liberalism and the cultural desire were already hallmarks of gaditano people.

Gregorio Marañón, in his foreword to the book of Ramon Solis Cádiz Cortes says "Cadiz in the early nineteenth century, it was all Spanish cities which by its culture, its firmness, its universal sense had to feel the deep responsibility of that wind blowing through the world in the eighteenth century, desire to know, to tune the springs of human feelings, to open windows to the 'spirit of the age "...".

In this sense, the influence of gaditano people, their way of being and feeling throughout history were decisive in those moments. The world was entering a new phase, it needed a resurrection of Spanish life in a kind of humanism in freedom, and Cadiz was instrumental in the transition to a new society.

The seventeenth and eighteenth centuries were very important in the formation of gaditano people, joining many people from different regions and countries. They give a major boost to trade, culture.

That historic meeting of nations and cultures, that live everyday with the universal spirit and polyglot condition must, as an important to keep in mind, a special sociology of gaditano people factor.

Orozco, in his history of Cadiz, speaks "... the deal without folds, all have good and peaceful communication and nobility ...". All those who write about Cadiz in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, they emphasize that open and welcoming, that great sense of tolerance and understanding spirit.

One of the fundamental characteristics gaditano to understand the people and the historical basis which makes it possible that humanism is the ancestral rich and poor limiting social classes, as well as liberal and democratic ideology that brought together the "insular community."

That sense of freedom that came based on its particular historical development in its ongoing communication with the outside world, on that scale of values ​​of culture, study and tolerance.

On the other hand, that sense of freedom and culture will come tempered by the permanent critical attitude certainly enriching, which makes it always be open to new horizons.

When one looks at the history of Cadiz, you can not help but reflect the spirit of the cultural life. As Ramon Solis says, "... the birth of the Cadiz commercial bourgeoisie origin, had made the study and cultural preparation was the end of the day the only blazon that could make a show ...".

Cadiz merchant was usually an educated man, in the city they lived for years a cultural tradition, reflected in libraries, art collections, gatherings, love the theater, etcetera.

In general, the commercial sense often has not been accompanied with artistic or cultural spirit, but in Cádiz not happen; Cadiz merchant who was prepared culturally, with the subsequent decline in the nineteenth century, will be able to easily incorporated into political and cultural life, especially to literature.

One of the most characteristic features was that desire to read, to acquire culture through books. We can not forget that in the early nineteenth century had in Cadiz twenty bookstores.

In these coordinates and with that background, it is not surprising that in 1858 saw the light the Ateneo Literary, Artistic and Scientific Cadiz, the Gaditanus Ateneo. Along with Madrid would be the first of Spain.

The Ateneo has maintained its identity throughout its history has been and is a true reflection of what we mean by Gaditanus Humanism, that way of being tilled, sedimented in its historical background, participating in them and that takes of awareness of being history; with this desire for culture and for its special sense of freedom, with a positive critical attitude and a catalyst vitalism that Cádiz discovered many years ago and are part of the humanistic equilibrium formula.