Urgent reform of the system of vocational training for employment in the labor sphere
Royal Decree-Law 4/2015 of 22 March regulating a comprehensive reform of the system of vocational training for employment, pursue four objectives: ensuring the exercise of the right to education of workers, employees and the unemployed; the effective contribution of training to business competitiveness; strengthening collective bargaining on the adequacy of the training requirements of the production system, as well as efficiency and transparency in the management of public resources.
The measures contained in this Royal Decree is necessary to highlight the set in the following points:
Chapter II introduces elements of a system of observation and exploration of the labor market, to detect changes in the demands of qualification and skills, involving among others, the autonomous communities, business organizations and trade unions organizations representing the self-employed and social economy. Multiannual estimate includes a projection of public funding to meet the training needs of actual companies and workers.
Article 7 addresses the possibility that the government, in their respective areas of competence, to articulate a "training check" for unemployed workers with the aim of providing them with the training they need.
Chapter III includes training initiatives for employment addressed to individual needs and different production systems, placing their own companies and workers at the center of the system. It describes the scheduled training companies for their own employees to provide a response to the training needs real, immediate and specific. To finance the costs of training provided for in this article, companies have a "credit formation", which will be paid by corresponding reductions in company contributions to Social Security as it performs communication completion of the training. The amount of this credit training obtained according to the amounts paid by each company last year in respect of share training and the percentage, depending on its size, established by Law General State Budgets each year.
The companies participate with their own resources to finance the training of their workers according to minimum percentages on the total cost of training, is set forth below according to their size:
a) Companies 1 to 9 employees: 5%
b) 10 to 49 employees: 10%
c) 50 to 249 employees: 20%
d) 250 or more employees: 40%
The various administrations in their respective areas of authority and not foreseen in the field of business, complete the training with its own program for workers employed in which business organizations and trade unions will no longer be Holders training programs, although participation in the design, programming and broadcasting.
Chapter IV sets out the provisions related to control of training and sanctioning fraud in the management of funds for vocational training for employment.
In fact, it comes to mean major changes in the management system of training and bonuses that used to coming today but applying companies, however, if increased control by the competent authorities and the procedures in detail follow.